Filling up ...

Dive into Michelin's 
hydrogen tank

IMMERSION

Dive into Michelin's 
hydrogen tank

IMMERSION

01

True believers from the outset

Michelin has been involved in hydrogen for the past 20 years

Our vision

Michelin’s commitment to hydrogen power goes back some time. Because of the company’s unique expertise in materials and its vision of the need for more sustainable mobility, hydrogen power has been a part of Michelin for over 15 years. Currently seeking to strike a virtuous balance between human well-being, environmental protection and value creation for the company, Michelin is furthering its engagement in this area, and aims to become a world leader in hydrogen-powered systems.

Michelin is convinced that hydrogen mobility will be one of the essential components of clean mobility, complementary to electric batteries.

However, the advantages of hydrogen go far beyond mobility, as it represents a very interesting solution for combating CO2 emissions and air pollution. Through its flexibility of production and use, hydrogen is becoming essential to the energy transition. In particular, it will help make steel production, chemicals, district heating and of course transportation carbon free.

It is also, by far, one of the few technologies promoting industrial and energy sovereignty for Europe. For all these reasons, hydrogen is a strategic growth driver for Michelin. A significant share of the Group’s business will effectively be non-tire related in ten years’ time.

Florent Menegaux
Michelin Group CEO
Hydrogen

=

75%

of universe's mass

(and 92% of atoms)

Hydrogen

=
75%

of universe's mass
(and 92% of atoms)

Milestones of Michelin's hydrogen story

2004 Hy-Light

2004: Hy-Light

In 2004 Michelin unveiled the Hy-Light. Designed in Switzerland by Michelin Research and Technology (MRT) in conjunction with the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), this vehicle featured two major innovations: a novel electric motorized wheel concept - the Active Wheel - and a fuel cell to generate the electricity required to power the motors housed in the wheels.

2007 / 2008 Hy-Light 2
Airbus

2007 / 2008

Hy-Light 2

Three years later, a new improved version of the 2004 Hy-Light was released - the Hy-Light 2. It was based on the same principle and structure incorporating a fuel cell entirely developed by the MRT advanced research teams. This four-seater weighed as little as 790 kg and boasted a 400-km range.

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Airbus

 

An Airbus airliner successfully completed a flight using a fuel cell to power the ancillary circuits - a first! The 20-kW fuel cell supplied an electric motor, the hydraulic circuit backup system and the aileron motors. The fuel cell performed well during the flight across a wide range of load factors.

2010 hydrogen tanks

2010: Hydrogen tanks

In 2010 Michelin kicked off its development of type 4 hydrogen tanks. These are capable of storing hydrogen at a pressure of 700 bars which means between 6 to 7 kg of hydrogen can be carried on board. The hydrogen tanks are wrapped in multiple layers of reinforced carbon fiber.

2011 FCity-H₂

2011: FCity-H₂

The F-City H2 is an urban vehicle developed jointly in 2011 by FAM, a French company based in Franche-Comté and Michelin. The electricity which drives the F-City H2 comes from a fuel cell powered by gaseous hydrogen. Both lightweight and compact, the unit supplied by Michelin consists of a 4-kW fuel cell and a tank containing 1 kg of hydrogen at a pressure of 350 bars.

2014 Fuel cell

2014: Fuel cell

A new milestone was reached with the development of a H2/Air fuel cell with a 50-kW power rating. This tough, powerful and compact fuel cell was now ready to be installed on many different types of vehicle.

2015 / 2016 RENAULT Kangoo

2015 / 2016: RENAULT Kangoo

Renault fitted a Symbio fuel cell to a fleet of 200 Kangoo vans. It proved its worth, successfully extending the vehicle range. The Kangoo ZE Hydrogen was the first utility vehicle in Europe to be equipped with a fuel cell. This principle offered an appropriate response to the concerns of certain Kangoo ZE users.

2017 HyPort
YeloH₂

2017

HyPort

In 2017 Toulouse-Blagnac airport adopted the HYPort project with backing from the French energy transition agency ADEME. The idea was to produce and distribute hydrogen for use by vehicles traveling around the airport such as ground handling vehicles and terminal transfer buses. The hydrogen was also available for private cars.

 

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YeloH₂

 

Hydrogen is also an excellent solution for marine transport such as the Yelo H2 electric sea bus which makes use of a fuel cell as a range extender. Containing four tanks with a combined capacity of 7 kg of hydrogen together with a 12 kW Michelin fuel cell, it was the first fuel cell powered vehicle to travel on the sea.

 

2018 Safra Businova

2018: Safra Businova

Safra’s Businova H2 was the first fuel cell powered bus made in France. It contained a 250-kW electric engine and 132-kWh battery pack together with a 30-kW Symbio fuel cell. Power is supplied from tanks which can contain as much as 30 kg of hydrogen at a pressure of 350 bars representing a range of at least 350 km.

2019 Symbio

2019: Symbio

In November 2019, Michelin and Faurecia set up “Symbio, a Faurecia Michelin Hydrogen Company.” This joint venture encompasses all Michelin’s hydrogen fuel cell related activities - including its subsidiary Symbio - and those of Faurecia. This new entity aims to capture a 25% market share and reap revenue in the region of €1.5 billion in 2030.

They tell the story

Patrick Oliva

De l'idée au concept

Mr Patrick Oliva, former Michelin Vice President of Prospective and Sustainable Development, speaks about the very rising of environemental concerns in the automotiv industry and the firsts experiments on hydrogen motors within yhe Michelin Group.

Pierre Varenne

Du concept à l'innovation

Pierre Varennes, former Michelin Technical and Research & Development Director, tells the starting point of the Michelin's interest on hydrogen fuel cell, in 2003.

Valérie Bouillon Delporte

Charging
time for a
hydrogen car

=

3 to 5 minutes

Charging
time for a
hydrogen car

=

3 to 5 minutes

02

Benefits of Hydrogen and vision for the next decade

Adressing the challenge of sustainable mobility

Hydrogen, how does it work?

What is a hydrogen-powered vehicle?

An electric vehicle equipped with a hydrogen battery provides similar usage conditions to a conventional vehicle, while strongly reducing environmental impact. It has a comparable range (between 500 and 600km) and takes only a few minutes to charge in a special station.

As a result, hydrogen technology overcomes two of the main disadvantages of the use of battery-powered electric vehicles: limited range and recharging time.

Hydrogen: driving strategic growth for Michelin

A look at Michelin’s commitment and long-term ambitions in hydrogen.


Maude Portigliatti,
Business Director, High-Tech Materials and member of the Group Executive Committee, Maude Portigliatti looks at Michelin’s commitment and long-term ambitions in hydrogen.

A strategical growth lever for Michelin

Hydrogen represents one of the long-term growth levers for Michelin in High-Tech Materials, along with 3D metal printing ...

Read mode

Hydrogène : un levier de croissance stratégique pour Michelin

What role does hydrogen play in the Michelin strategy?

M.P: Hydrogen represents one of the long-term growth levers for Michelin in High-Tech Materials, along with 3D metal printing, sustainable flexible composites and biocompatible materials for regenerative medicine and cellular therapy. In the next ten years, 20% to 30% of our Group activity will come from "beyond tires".

 

Is this a recent commitment?

M.P: Our commitment to hydrogen is not recent. Our expertise in materials, along with the need to promote sustainable mobility, motivated us to become players in this sector over 15 years ago. We remain convinced that hydrogen mobility will be an essential component of clean transport, in addition to batteries. Hydrogen is the most comprehensive solution for reducing CO2 emissions, air pollution and encouraging the transition to fossil-free energy sources. The context is promising: the announcement of "Hydrogen Strategy France", that echoes the European strategy published in July 2020, constitutes a crucial step for the development of a first-rate French hydrogen industry.

 

How did you develop your hydrogen strategy?

M.P: Our strategy is built on three cornerstones. One of our aims is to become a world leader in hydrogen mobility systems. Creating the joint-venture Symbio with the automotive supplier Faurecia in November 2019 was a key step towards achieving this goal.

Our joint-venture has already been successful, as shown by the recent signature off a contract concerning the development of 1,500 buses by the French company Safra or again Symbio being chosen by Stellantis to accompany their first hydrogen-powered commercial vehicles.

This year, we are also going to begin construction of one of the biggest fuel cell plants in Europe, with production planned to start in 2023.

Symbio is therefore well on track to reach its target of 200 million euros turnover in 2025 and 12% market share and 1,5 billion euros turnover by 2030.

 

Could you tell us more about the other strategic pillars in terms of hydrogen?

M.P: We also want to develop hydrogen mobility on a regional scale, by rolling out vehicles and infrastructure at the same time. Our commitment can be seen in the "Zero Emission Valley"(ZEV) project, the result of a public-private partnership with the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, Michelin and the Engie Group. This project embodies a clean mobility offer on a regional scale, to make it the leading hydrogen mobility zone in Europe. Between now and the end of 2023, the ZEV project plans to set up 20 green hydrogen charging stations and develop 1,200 hydrogen vehicles for professionals.

 

Yet this project is just the first step, lessons learned from it will enable us to reproduce the model in other regions of France and beyond.

 

How would you define your goals in Motorsport, your last strategic driver?

Michelin has always seen motorsport as a laboratory for innovation and a technical showcase.

Today, our aim is to accelerate the roll out of hydrogen mobility in motorsport. With this in mind, in June 2020 Michelin and its subsidiary Symbio became key partners in Mission H24, a project specifically designed to introduce hydrogen technology in endurance vehicles competing in the Le Mans 24 Hours in the not-too-distant future. To reach this objective, engineering laboratory GreenGT has developed a new type of car the "Le Mans Prototype" (LMP), equipped with hydrogen-electric propulsion and a high power Symbio battery. By working in close collaboration with the racing team, Symbio will fast gain valuable experience in high power hydrogen batteries. Michelin is lending its tire expertise to meet this new challenge. Information gathered on the circuit will speed up research and development.

The benefits of Hydrogen for carbon-free mobility

The advantages of hydrogen no longer remain to be proven
even though this area of research was slow to get going.

Yves Faurisson
Director of Hydrogen Mobility at Michelin

A looks back at the Group’s involvement and the advantages of hydrogen for carbon-free mobility

In 2021, everyone’s talking about hydrogen and for good reason: capable of stocking and regenerating an endless supply of electricity ...

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The advantages of hydrogen no longer remain to be proven even though this area of research was slow to get going

In 2021, everyone’s talking about hydrogen and for good reason: capable of stocking and regenerating an endless supply of electricity, in a carbon-neutral way, it also helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions when produced by electrolysis using renewable energy. A vehicle equipped with a hydrogen battery has the advantage of charging up superfast (3 to 5 minutes) and giving greater range than battery-electric cars (500 to 600 km). Serious advantages, that make hydrogen one of the best solutions for decreasing our dependence on fossil fuels.

Michelin got this message over 15 years ago. In the early 2000’s, the debate on reducing CO2 emissions had just begun and vehicle electrification was at its beginnings.  «Even at the time, Michelin leaders envisioned an era of carbon-neutral mobility, a concept widely developed during the Michelin Challenge Bibendum sustainable mobility summits, since renamed Movin’On”, recalls Yves Faurisson. “Michelin understood very early on that hydrogen could play a key role in the transition to moving away from fossil fuels.”

 

Hydrogen as focal point

Many countries have ambitious hydrogen plans. Europe presented its hydrogen strategy plan in July 2020. Germany and France followed suit with large scale plans (9 and 7 billion euros), in September 2020. In France, this would mean becoming a major global player by 2030. “All the major car, truck, commercial vehicle and bus manufacturers have launched hydrogen programmes. Beyond road vehicles, numerous programmes have been launched in the marine, rail, aviation, handling and mining sectors. By 2030, global revenue from hydrogen is estimated to reach around 300 billion US dollars. In this value chain, hydrogen production and end-use transport application are estimated at around 60 billion dollars”, says Yves Faurisson. Ultimately, hydrogen is a beneficial and cost-effective solution in the face of energy transition. For Michelin, it represents one of the group’s major growth drivers between now and 2030.

Transportation is responsible for

23%

of world CO2

emissions

Transportation
is responsible for

23%

of world's CO2
emissions

03

Michelin in the front line

Michelin, a key player in hydrogen

Bringing together all the links in the value chain

The idea of hydrogen mobility, long ahead of its time, is fast becoming a reality. Today Michelin plans to implement it, building on its Symbio subsidiary, the strength of its performance at the Le Mans 24 Hours and a fast-developing ecosystem.

Michelin, leading player in hydrogen mobility

 

Michelin is a major player in the hydrogen mobility sector, in France and Europe, and has been for many years. Through its commitment to more ...

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Michelin, acteur de premier plan de l’hydrogène

What is your vision for hydrogen mobility?

Yves Faurisson: Michelin’s vision for hydrogen mobility, is first and foremost one of zero-emission mobility which has now become a prerequisite. This trend is well under way in transport industries. But in addition to battery electric vehicles, we need to find another solution to cover all usage modes.

Philippe Rosier: for Symbio our vision of hydrogen mobility is all about a giant step towards a carbon neutral world. For beyond the various measures to encourage energy transition in the transport sector, this is the only technology, complementary to that of the battery, that can really help zero-emission mobility take off. Professionals, who have a heavy use of their vehicles, will show the way.

 

What strong points and expertise will you use?

Y.F.:  the strong point of our approach, is precisely Michelin’s experience in the field of hydrogen. This dates back to 2004, well before everyone became interested. Hydrogen at Michelin is based on long-acquired knowledge, and on the group’s expertise in high-tech materials. We’ve taken the time to look at, validate and think through the industrialization of these solutions. Today, this expertise and these convictions can be found at the heart of Symbio. As a result, the Michelin group, key player in mobility, plays a key role in bringing together the companies, regions and countries engaged alongside it.

P.R.: Symbio is a renowned leader in the development of efficient, compact hydrogen systems adapted to constructor needs, over a wide range of vehicles – light commercial utilities, buses, trucks, SUV, etc. This is the result of over ten years’ experience, sound “automobile” expertise and the 4 million kilometers covered by vehicles we’ve already equipped!

What’s more, right behind us are our shareholders Michelin and Faurecia, with whom we’ve developed an ambitious strategy. This builds on our key asset: our 350 Symbio partners.

What can you tell us about your ongoing projects?

Y.F.: We’re continuing to invest in and support Symbio in its internationalization. Symbio continues to make progress by drawing on the dual expertise of Michelin and Faurecia. And the first results are already clear to see, for example the Stellantis group has chosen Symbio technology for its future fuel cell vehicles. In 2021, we will be placing the foundation stone of the Symbio plant in Saint-Fons with an aim to start production in 2023.

Furthermore, the « ecosystem construction » phase continues to move along with the installation of special hydrogen charging stations and electrolyzers capable of producing green hydrogen in the context of the « Zero Emission Valley » project, implemented by the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

P.R: As you can imagine, we have several projects on the go – which we will leave our automaker customers to reveal. Our publicly known projects are those with Stellantis (utility vehicle) and with Safra (1500 buses). We are also equipping the first hydrogen race car, for the H24 Racing team, that will compete at Le Mans 24 Hours in 2024.

 

What are your market predictions and Symbio’s aspirations?

Y.F.: We believe that by 2030, the market will have reached 2 million passenger cars and light commercial utility vehicles, to which 500 000 heavy goods vehicles, coaches and buses can be added. Hydrogen-powered transport responds well to the needs of heavy goods vehicles, whereas battery electric solutions require using one third of load capacity. This is why all the major players in heavy goods vehicles have already started to work in the hydrogen sector. This being said, in volume terms, the key market remains passenger cars. With plans to reach 12% market share in hydrogen systems with a turnover of 1,5 billion euros Symbio would be up among the leaders.

P.R.: Clearly, the market exists and is growing fast. The first sectors to become accessible will be light commercial utility vehicles and buses, followed by trucks. Installing special hydrogen charging stations for these three sectors would allow hydrogen to take off in passenger cars by 2030. Symbio aims to supply the entire market and indeed to become an industry leader by producing 200 000 hydrogen systems a year by then.

Michelin and Symbio: making hydrogen mobility accessible to one and all ou hydrogen mobility for everyone

When it comes to hydrogen mobility, Michelin et Symbio share the same vision and objectives: to provide freedom of movement without emission of pollutants and CO2. Yves Faurisson, Director of Hydrogen Activities at Michelin and Philippe Rosier, CEO of Symbio tell us more.

 

Making hydrogen mobility accessible to all

Michelin’s vision for hydrogen mobility, is first and foremost one of zero-emission mobility which has now become a prerequisite. This trend is well under way in transport industries...

Read mode

Michelin et Symbio : préparer la mobilité hydrogène accessible à tous

What is your vision for hydrogen mobility?

Yves Faurisson: Michelin’s vision for hydrogen mobility, is first and foremost one of zero-emission mobility which has now become a prerequisite. This trend is well under way in transport industries. But in addition to battery electric vehicles, we need to find another solution to cover all usage modes.

Philippe Rosier: for Symbio our vision of hydrogen mobility is all about a giant step towards a carbon neutral world. For beyond the various measures to encourage energy transition in the transport sector, this is the only technology, complementary to that of the battery, that can really help zero-emission mobility take off. Professionals, who have a heavy use of their vehicles, will show the way.

 

What strong points and expertise will you use?

Y.F.:  the strong point of our approach, is precisely Michelin’s experience in the field of hydrogen. This dates back to 2004, well before everyone became interested. Hydrogen at Michelin is based on long-acquired knowledge, and on the group’s expertise in high-tech materials. We’ve taken the time to look at, validate and think through the industrialization of these solutions. Today, this expertise and these convictions can be found at the heart of Symbio. As a result, the Michelin group, key player in mobility, plays a key role in bringing together the companies, regions and countries engaged alongside it.

P.R.: Symbio is a renowned leader in the development of efficient, compact hydrogen systems adapted to constructor needs, over a wide range of vehicles – light commercial utilities, buses, trucks, SUV, etc. This is the result of over ten years’ experience, sound “automobile” expertise and the 4 million kilometers covered by vehicles we’ve already equipped!

What’s more, right behind us are our shareholders Michelin and Faurecia, with whom we’ve developed an ambitious strategy. This builds on our key asset: our 350 Symbio partners.

What can you tell us about your ongoing projects?

Y.F.: We’re continuing to invest in and support Symbio in its internationalization. Symbio continues to make progress by drawing on the dual expertise of Michelin and Faurecia. And the first results are already clear to see, for example the Stellantis group has chosen Symbio technology for its future fuel cell vehicles. In 2021, we will be placing the foundation stone of the Symbio plant in Saint-Fons with an aim to start production in 2023.

Furthermore, the « ecosystem construction » phase continues to move along with the installation of special hydrogen charging stations and electrolyzers capable of producing green hydrogen in the context of the « Zero Emission Valley » project, implemented by the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region.

P.R: As you can imagine, we have several projects on the go – which we will leave our automaker customers to reveal. Our publicly known projects are those with Stellantis (utility vehicle) and with Safra (1500 buses). We are also equipping the first hydrogen race car, for the H24 Racing team, that will compete at Le Mans 24 Hours in 2024.

 

What are your market predictions and Symbio’s aspirations?

Y.F.: We believe that by 2030, the market will have reached 2 million passenger cars and light commercial utility vehicles, to which 500 000 heavy goods vehicles, coaches and buses can be added. Hydrogen-powered transport responds well to the needs of heavy goods vehicles, whereas battery electric solutions require using one third of load capacity. This is why all the major players in heavy goods vehicles have already started to work in the hydrogen sector. This being said, in volume terms, the key market remains passenger cars. With plans to reach 12% market share in hydrogen systems with a turnover of 1,5 billion euros Symbio would be up among the leaders.

P.R.: Clearly, the market exists and is growing fast. The first sectors to become accessible will be light commercial utility vehicles and buses, followed by trucks. Installing special hydrogen charging stations for these three sectors would allow hydrogen to take off in passenger cars by 2030. Symbio aims to supply the entire market and indeed to become an industry leader by producing 200 000 hydrogen systems a year by then.

3 entities serving the Group’s vision

Symbio

By the end of 2021, three Stellantis brands, Peugeot, Citroën and Opel, will offer light commercial vehicles equipped with Symbio fuel cells. Looking back over a successful partnership.

Symbio and Stellantis: a partnership dedicated to hydrogen mobility

By the end of 2021, three Stellantis brands, Peugeot, Citroën and Opel, will offer light commercial vehicles equipped with Symbio fuel cells.  Looking back over a successful partnership.

The Stellantis group will soon be launching production of light-duty commercial fuel cell/hydrogen electric vehicles, building on Symbio technology. Both companies share the same vision of “mid-power” technology, that combines batteries and fuel cells. This approach cumulates the power of batteries and increased range of the fuel cell. A choice that ensures they run efficiently on both a technically and economic level.

Xavier Peugeot, Director Light Commercial Vehicles Business Unit at Stellantis, clarifies the approach: « We’ve made no concessions to performance, be it in terms of effective volume or loading volume. With their fuel cells the Peugeot Expert, Citroën Jumpy and Opel Vivaro will meet the expectations of professionals looking for zero-emission mobility with a 400 kilometers range”. A utility vehicle makes it easier to stock the fuel cell and the tanks, but it’s also targeted to customers with very high demands in terms of usage.

The ultra-fast recharging time, just a few minutes thanks to hydrogen technology, is a huge plus for professionals as it limits vehicle downtime. Thanks to the experience gained with its professional customers, the Stellantis group will be able to extend its offer to other commercial vehicle groups before moving on to passenger cars medium-term.

Despite some underlying issues that remain to be solved (affordable green hydrogen, a sufficient number of special stations that supply hydrogen), Stellantis is confident that it will soon be able to deliver full freedom of movement in affordable vehicles to its clients, thanks in particular to Symbio’s fuel cell technology.

Safra Businova H2: the « made in France » hydrogen bus

With the « Businova H2 », Safra completes its bus range with a hydrogen version. This was made possible thanks to innovative “Businova” technology that enables installation of several types of engine. The « Businova H2 » carries a 250kW electric engine and 132kWh battery pack, combined with a 30kW fuel cell produced by Symbio. Supplied by tanks that can store up to 30 kilos of hydrogen at a pressure of 350 bars, this promises a minimum range of 350km. Chosen by the Central Administration for Public Transport (CATP), in the category hydrogen-run buses between 10 and 12 metres, the « Businova H2 » has also been referenced by the Union for Grouping Public Purchases (UGAP). Satisfying the demands of both political leaders and public transport operators, for the latter the « Businova H2 » is an easy to operate city bus. It covers the required range and its 30kg recharge only takes 15 minutes. What’s more, its quirky design and the fact that is meets environmental norms gives it extra kudos in the eyes of local representatives.

Zero Emission Valley

Fully aware of what is at stake in clean energy and with a high concentration of hydrogen sectors players in its area, the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region decided to launch the « Zero Emission Valley » project. Michelin and Engie are also partners in this promising adventure.

« Zero Emission Valley »: Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes wants to become the leading hydrogen region in Europe

Fully aware of what is at stake in clean energy and with a high concentration of hydrogen sector players in its area, the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region decided to launch the « Zero Emission Valley » project. Michelin and Engie are also partners in this promising adventure.

The Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region wants to develop hydrogen mobility in its territory. Between now and 2023, thanks to the ZEV project, 20 “green” hydrogen charging stations will be set up, using hydrogen produced from renewable energy sources. Laurent Wauquiez, Regional President explains: « Environmental conservation is without a doubt the challenge of the 21st century. Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes is home to most of the major players in the hydrogen sector. This is exactly why the region has invested so strongly in favour of hydrogen with the Zero Emission Valley project. This will allow us to make Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes one of the most carbon-neutral areas in Europe as we federate all those involved in the sector to reinforce clean energy development. In parallel, we’ll be helping to develop an ecological transition capable of generating sustainable growth and creating jobs”.

A project supported by ADEME* and by Europe

*Agency for the Environment and Mastering Energy

This initiative, among the most significant in Europe, is at a regional level and encourages both installation of hydrogen charging stations and the launch of vehicles. It mostly concerns big urban agglomerations who, along with implementing charging stations, commit to finding purchasers of around fifty hydrogen-powered light commercial utility vehicles.

Backed by Europe, with financial support of 10,1 million euros, the aim of the project is to launch the market by simultaneously rolling out a network of 20 special charging stations and a fleet of 1200 vehicles between now and 2023. The 14 million euros support from the ADEME will principally fund the purchase of small vans and buses. Thanks to the cumulation of European, national and regional funding, support for the purchase of hydrogen vehicles could reach 15 000 euros – on condition that the vehicle covers over 25 000 kilometers a year.

A distinctive feature of this project is that the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and its partners

Michelin, Engie, Crédit Agricole and the Banque des Territoires, have created a trading company, called Hympulsion, to build and run the hydrogen charging stations.

A regional hydrogen subsidiary

The first of the twenty planned stations has been in place since February 2020 in Chambéry. The network will mainly concern major urban agglomerations in the area, but also smaller communities such as Riom, Moûtiers and Modane. Note that 5 stations are being built and a provisional hydrogen charging station has been set up by Michelin in Clermont-Ferrand while waiting for the final station planned for 2021. These stations will be built by the Atawey-HRS-McPhy group who will also supply the system for hydrogen produced by water electrolysis.

The region’s hydrogen vision goes beyond traditional road vehicles – cars, utility vehicles, coaches and buses. It extends to bikes, trains, boats and even snow groomers! For the latter, regional authorities have begun discussions specifically with the Compagnie des Alpes. Lastly, a hydrogen usage strategy would not be complete without a plan for electricity storage, to be released during consumption peaks.

Beyond this type of use, installation of the Symbio plant in Vénissieux completes an industrial set up that also covers Michelin activities in Clermont-Ferrand, and those of the Atomic Energy Commission and Alternative Energy Commission (CEA) research laboratories in Grenoble.

Through all these actions, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes confirms its ambition to become the leading hydrogen mobility region in Europe.

Michelin uses green hydrogen in Vannes

In the context of its Hygo project, Engie Solutions and Morbihan Energies are producing green hydrogen in Vannes, green meaning from carbon-neutral bio-sources. This EffiH2 project meets two objectives: to produce green hydrogen through electrolysis and to supply a public hydrogen charging station for vehicles. It therefore allows two end uses: fueling both the Michelin plant in Vannes and vehicles too.

The station was built near the Michelin plant in Vannes, in the Prat Industrial Zone and was put into operational use at the end of 2020. Engie Solutions and Morbihan Energies have invested 4,6 million euros in this project. The latter receives financial support from the ADEME in the context of a call for Eco-mobility hydrogen projects, to the sum of 780.000 euros. Furthermore, the ADEME will accompany purchasers of hydrogen vehicles who use this refueling station with an overall budget of 990.000 euros.

MissionH24

The aim of MissionH24 is to race a hydrogen-powered electric car in the Le Mans 24 Hours. Michelin, through its Symbio subsidiary, is a key player in the project.

MissionH24: mobility for tomorrow

The aim of MissionH24 is to run a hydrogen-powered electric car in the Le Mans 24 Hours. Michelin, through its Symbio subsidiary, is a key player in the project.

Since the earliest phases, Michelin has been involved in motor racing with its tires. Naturally, the idea of being involved in a project with an electric race car equipped with a fuel cell appealed to the group. This is how Michelin became one of the key partners in MissionH24, a project founded by the Automobile de l’Ouest Club (Western France Automobile Club), organizer of Le Mans 24 Hours and Swiss engineering laboratory GreenGT. The objective is to have hydrogen-powered electric vehicles competing in the Le Mans 24 Hours by 2024. With this in view, experts from the Michelin group are currently working on developing a vehicle with the H24 racing team. Michelin and Symbio (joint-venture between Michelin and Faurecia) are sharing their expertise with motor racing authorities to help define new technical regulations for future races reserved for hydrogen-powered vehicles.

Preparing tomorrow’s mobility

Chairman of the Automobile Club de l’Ouest and co-Chair of Mission H24, Pierre Fillon points out that this project was launched a few years ago:  « From 2018, our aim was to demonstrate, step by step, that hydrogen technology wasn’t just science-fiction, but a genuine, efficient, promising solution and above all the guarantee of zero-emission mobility and racing”.

Michelin, through its Symbio subsidiary, and Total are partners in this project. Beyond developing technology and a car, Mission H24 aims « to help create a new hydrogen-powered class for the Le Mans 24 Hours in 2024”. In the context of these burgeoning rules and regulations, GreenGT has developed a new type of car “Le Mans Prototype” LMP, equipped with a high-power Symbio fuel cell. This car has been entrusted to a racing team whose mission is to perfect its development and take part in Michelin Le Mans Cup racing weekends.

 

First warm-up laps

The H24 car has the latest generation fuel cell, with new bipolar plates developed by Symbio. Presented at the Le Mans 24 Hours in 2020, the Mission H24 demonstration vehicle LMPH2G drove round the track before the start of the race. Its driver was Carlos Tavares, Executive Director of Stellantis (previously PSA) and motorsport enthusiast. A promising start and proof that the hydrogen-powered race car is not just a dream, but a reality!

In 2024, a hydrogen-powered electric car will run in the Le Mans 24 Hours. For its hundredth anniversary, this legendary motorsport event will begin a new chapter in its history.

04

Hydrogen is the future

A pillar of energy transformation

Act against air pollution, right here, right now!

Hype

Act against air pollution, right here, right now

Why is air pollution a matter of urgency?

 

I was born in 1971. People of my generation remember that some of our perfectly loving and responsible parents also smoked with children in the car. Most of these cars also gave off dark billows of smoke so, as children, we played at comparing the smells.

So yes, without a doubt air pollution has dropped quite significantly in recent decades. However, unlike our parents, we now know the physical impact of this scourge: 97 000 deaths in France and 8 million throughout the world in 2018, according to the latest study released early 2021. That’s just for fossil fuels and doesn’t take into consideration the impact on our children.

 

How to meet this challenge?

 

With this in mind, the time for debates between experts needs to give way to a rapid roll out of practical solutions.

It’s a matter of fact that, contrary to greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution can be reduced quickly and locally. Which doesn’t mean to say that we’re pushing the problem despondently towards our neighbors but that the effects it produces are more or less dangerous depending on where it’s produced. We instinctively understand, and it’s effectively the case, that a cigarette or car exhaust less than one meter from a pushchair in a busy Parisian street is more harmful than the same emissions in unpopulated areas.

A significant amount of harmful fine particles comes from conventional vehicles and we now know that successive European norms will not solve this problem. Consequently, in these densely populated urban zones we should limit traffic congestion and, where possible, the use of passenger cars by continuing to back the emergence of sustainable mobility modes for all types of use. But also aim for zero-emissions directly at exhaust level, hence the electric engine, for all remaining passenger vehicles. This would already help to bring air pollution down to significantly safer levels in many areas.

 

Why taxis, why hydrogen, and why for all of us?

 

Taxis, along with buses, tramways, bikes, tramways, delivery services, scooters and car sharing will be part of tomorrow’s cityscapes. They are and will remain a public service. That’s why we need to put solutions in place that will allow them to continue their activities in acceptable conditions, and to stop polluting the next time they renew a vehicle.

The battery electric car does not sufficiently meet the needs of some drivers in Paris and other cities. We can no longer wait for the next generation of batteries, the next network of charging stations, the next power recharging norms, before we take action.

Hydrogen-powered electric vehicles are already effective for these usage needs and situations. Let’s really roll them out, even if there’s still room for improvement with their energy performance, even if all the hydrogen is not yet green. Let’s not procrastinate behind technological solutions, or a list of more pressing emergencies to excuse our inertia.

Entrepreneurs will continue to innovate and take risks, industrialists and financiers will accompany them in an attempt to roll out real solutions on the right scale. Political leaders must continue to support this growth and, when the moment is right, to assume responsibility by enforcing these solutions. It is also up to each and every one of us, as customers, to show drivers, through our choices and actions, that we encourage and support them in the move towards zero-emission transition.

Stellantis

Developing innovative hydrogen-mobility solutions for professionals: the Stellantis perspective.

The fuel cell is an efficient solution for professionals. By the end of 2021, Stellantis will offer « Fuel Cell » vans whose wide scale roll-out will depend on the development of a hydrogen station network. For Stellantis top management, hydrogen makes it possible to satisfy customer expectations by covering usage needs inaccessible to battery-electric vehicles. Here’s why.

 

 

Innovative technical choices

 

Carla Gohin, Stellantis Vice-President Research and Innovation: The Stellantis vision is to offer our customers broad freedom of movement by providing efficient, affordable and sustainable technical solutions. Our hydrogen-mobility solution aims to complete our battery-electric light commercial vehicle range. It’s because we believe that the technologies suggested by Symbio and Faurecia are the right ones that we’ve committed to a partnership with them.

Frank Jordan, Director of Advanced Development at Stellantis Germany: We’ve chosen a solution called « mid-power ». This relies on two energy sources, electricity from the battery on the one hand, electricity from the fuel cell on the other, and enables both elements to function optimally. What we need is a reduced-size battery, located under the hood and above the electric engine. This gives increased range and a very short recharging time. These batteries will be stored under the front passenger seats, with the hydrogen tanks in the floor.

 

For highly demanding professionals

 

Xavier Peugeot, Director Light Commercial Vehicles Business Unit at Stellantis: We’ve made no concessions to performance, either in terms of effective volume or loading volume. This offer of medium-size commercial vehicles, Peugeot Expert, Citroën Jumpy and Opel Vivaro, already comes in an electric battery version. It covers a wide scope of use, for 83 % of our customers do less than 200 kilometers a day. On the other hand, some make much longer daily trips. With a range of 400 kilometers, these hydrogen-powered electric commercial vehicles cover numerous types of use.

 

The ability to overcome challenges

 

Dominique Sadoul, Director Advanced Development, Engines and Energy: The « mid power » solution developed with Symbio provides just the right balance between performance, profit and cost. But challenges remain before fuel-cell mobility reaches its full potential. In particular the capacity to access low cost green hydrogen, a sufficient number of special hydrogen stations and a competitive overall usage cost.

 

Opening up new fields of possibility

 

Carla Gohin: hydrogen enables us to satisfy customer needs by covering types of use inaccessible to battery-electric vehicles. What’s more, the recharge time of just a few minutes is a key point for professionals. We are pioneers with this fuel cell technology, primarily intended for utility vehicles.  The next phase will be rolling out the experience acquired to passenger cars.

Xavier Peugeot: We are targeting customers with more demanding usage needs than those covered by existing battery-fueled utility vehicles. They need a vehicle that makes no concessions on performance and they will have it by the end of 2021. This type of mobility will be available for Peugeot, Citroën and Opel commercial vehicles in two lengths, medium and high.

SAFRA

Behind the “Businova H2”, the challenge of reindustrializing and developing the hydrogen sector

Equipping a bus with a fuel cell? Obvious from the start of the project, thanks to technology developed by Symbio, a Michelin-Faurecia joint venture.

 

SAFRA has been working on the Businova project for over 10 years. This is both long and short considering it involves a truly innovative industrial project. Even counting on historic expertise, sound knowledge of markets, organizing operators and authorities, plus a good understanding of major trends in the city of tomorrow and sustainable mobility.

From the start of the project, we wanted to develop a bus that ran on hydrogen. Foreward-thinking and adventurous, we kicked off with a hybrid solution, followed by an “all battery” solution, before finally turning to a hydrogen-powered zero-emission solution in 2018. We believe in this energy solution for passenger transport and in its potential for reindustrialization in Europe.

In April 2021, twelve “Businova H2” buses are currently operating in France. Six in Artois-Gohelle, five in Versailles and one in Le Mans. The Auxerre urban district will soon take delivery of the first of the five vehicles it has ordered. Five “Businova H2” buses are also planned for the Hyport in Toulouse. We also have an order for three 100% battery-run Businova, planned for the Marseille public transport network.

 

An approach consistent with a hydrogen ecosystem and carbon-neutral transport

 

Today, as we clearly see that the hydrogen sector is in full swing, our product arrives at a timely moment. With the “Businova H2”, we’re aligned with all the political leaders which is quite something given that Europe, along with the state, regions, localities and cities are all currently developing ambitious hydrogen policies.

The vast French Recovery Plan with its 7 billion euros budget has given a new lease of life to an industry ready to prove the relevance of hydrogen for our country, both for the environment and the economy. Leading French industrialists are working together to relocate the energy industry and decarbonize the economy, with the support of the National Hydrogen Council, whose first meeting was held at the SAFRA offices in Albi on February 25th, 2021, in the presence of three ministers.

 

The challenge of reindustrialisation

 

In France, political leaders are interested in our “Businova H2” product. Yet it is the potential for reindustrialization on a European scale that really grabs their attention, along with the creation of hundreds of new jobs in this sector. We are proud to be part of this industry and to offer a product designed and made in France, the only hydrogen bus on the market with a European fuel cell, also made in France by Symbio.

 

 

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